What Is an Interstate Compact Agreement

As the name suggests, an interstate compact agreement is a legally binding agreement between two or more states in the United States. These agreements are formed when states come together to address common issues or problems that affect all parties involved.

Interstate compact agreements can cover a wide range of topics, from transportation issues and environmental concerns to health care and education. The purpose of these agreements is to create uniform policies and regulations across state lines, reducing conflicts and promoting cooperation between states.

One of the most well-known interstate compacts is the Driver License Compact (DLC), which has been in effect since 1960. The DLC is an agreement between 45 states and the District of Columbia that allows for the sharing of information about driver violations and suspensions. This means that if you receive a traffic violation in one state, it will be reported to your home state and could result in the suspension of your driver`s license.

Another example of an interstate compact is the Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC), which allows nurses to practice in multiple states without having to obtain a separate license for each state. This compact currently includes 34 states and allows nurses to provide care to patients across state lines, making it easier to address shortages in certain areas.

Interstate compact agreements are created in a few different ways. Sometimes they are initiated by states that want to work together on a particular issue, such as the Great Lakes Compact, which addresses water management issues in the Great Lakes region. In other cases, Congress may authorize interstate compacts through federal legislation.

Once an interstate compact is created, it is typically overseen by an administrative body made up of representatives from each state involved. This body is responsible for enforcing the terms of the agreement and resolving disputes that may arise between states.

In summary, interstate compact agreements are an important tool for promoting cooperation and resolving common issues between states. These agreements can cover a wide range of topics and can be initiated by states or authorized by federal legislation. By working together, states can create uniform policies and regulations that benefit all parties involved.